Secularism and Secularisation
karim last edited by
A good article by Humeira Iqtidar exposing all the sellouts who are trying to sell their "choran" of secularism to the Pakistani nation.
Much has been written about secularism and
secularisation, yet the precise modalities of their
relationship have received little attention. The vague
but generally accepted assumption seems to be that
secularisation in Europe led to secularism, and
secularism in non-western societies will lead to
secularisation. Often the two terms are used
synonymously. It seems particularly imperative, both for
academic and political reasons, to think through the
implications of these two terms and their relation. Does
secularism inevitably lead to secularisation? Can
secularisation happen without secularism? How precisely are secularism as state policy and secularisation as a societal process, related?
For the last two decades but particularly since the war of
terror began, the conﬂation of Islamism with terrorism,
and secularism with democracy, has precluded any clear-
headed discussion about secularism, democracy and Islamism
in Pakistan. Prominent liberal activists such as Pervez Hoodbhoy and Ayesha Siddiqa, who in other contexts have done valuable work, have remained mired in an earlier history, refusing to acknowledge the differences within the range of Muslim fundamentalists and changes within Islamism, as well as in its context. All Islamists are not militants
and all militants are not Islamists. Policy and political
responses need to be calibrated to the actual problems
posed by the different kinds of groups.
Damagingly, these liberal activists have supported a military dictatorship that proclaimed “Enlightened
Moderation” as its raison d’etre, just as an earlier one claimed Islamisation as its own, and they have championed
sustained bombing and drone attacks in one of the poorest
regions of Pakistan purportedly to save democracy and secularism from the generic genie of Islamism. There have been few moves by these liberals to understand the range
of motives and strategies employed by the different
groups or the differences between militants and others.
Here is the complete article