The fact is the foundation of these ideas is Greek thought and Muslim philosophers expanded, reconciled and improved on these ideas. The claim that Islamic philosophy is something independent is just thoughtless and imprudent.
Aren't we being a bit disingenuous here?
Science or knowledge has always been a process of building upon, refining and reconstructing ideas (unless, of course, if you believe in revelations).You can't call it just translations.
No wonder, it took humans thousands of years to invent a wheel.
And the quote attributed to Newton "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants" is a reference to the work of his predecessors.
Is this claim a belief or a fact?? Kindly provide evidence for this claim. I have extensively studied neuroscience and the brain. I am shocked to read this claim."
Personally, I don't think there is a separate entity/agency called "soul", nor can i think of any neuroscientist worth mentioning his name believing such a thing.
I'm not denying the existence of consciousness and that too is a product of our biological brain.
Massimo Pigliucci, whom i have mentioned before (evolutionary biologist turned philosopher) has this to say about self/consciousness.
"It should go without saying, but I’m going to spell it out anyway, just in case: none of the above should give any comfort to dualists, supernaturalists and assorted mysticists. I do think consciousness is a biophysical phenomenon, which we have at the least the potential ability of explaining, and perhaps even of duplicating artificially — just not, I am betting, in the way that so many seem to think is about to yield success any minute now."
He further goes on to quote John Searle....
"On this, therefore, I’m with John Searle (and that’s quite irrespective of his famous Chinese room thought experiment ) when he labels himself a biological naturalist about consciousness. The basic idea is that — as far as we know — consciousness is a biological process, not unlike, say, photosynthesis. Which means that it may be bounded not only to certain functional arrangements, but also to specific physicochemical materials. These materials don’t have to be the ones that happen to characterize earth-bound life, but it is plausible that they just can’t be anything at all."